Ever since the internet boom, there has been a sudden explosion of web based applications such as monitoring systems gained quite popularity. However, as technology is undergoing innovation, we are seeing a bundle of emerging technologies contributing towards operational scalability and flexibility.

IoT applications and cloud computing technologies are key drivers of innovation today as they are expected to create a surge in demand for smart power monitoring systems and even powerful SCADA systems. These two technologies – IoT and cloud computing are said to be the major contributors of the fourth industrial revolution and believe it or not, they are becoming an integral part of our lives.

There are sectors that have accepted this as the future and started adopting IoT application development as a part of their digital transformation roadmap. However, the major challenge is that enterprises are keen on IoT application development without understanding or analyzing the core set of challenges that they are facing. It has also been observed that there is a large chunk of enterprises, who don’t have any software technology background, but are quite committed to provisioning devices that are internet-connected.

The concern here is that this approach has always proven to be a disastrous one and it will have tremendous repercussions in terms of time and efforts; subsequently tarnishing the image and integrity of IoT.

So, typically there are four major challenges that enterprises and developers should consider while they are venturing into the field of IoT

Connectivity of Devices

The primary challenge that any enterprise faces is to connect devices to the internet and to the cloud platform. A major factor that is contributing to this challenge is the application environment of the device and availability of the right communication infrastructure for these devices.
IoT application development is not just about computer and smartphones. Today we also see  lot of specialized IoT devices that are created to address specific requirements of customers – be it on home automation side or business application side. For instance, having a smart refrigerator will serve the purpose, but it should be compatible enough to adopt to the changing IoT landscape itself and be able to establish connectivity throughout its lifespan.

Privacy & Security

Security surrounding IoT applications has always been a matter of concern and has been a controversial subject as well. Hence, service providers need to consider various factors when it comes to security, such as:
  • Security of physical attributes
  • Security of information/data exchange
  • Cloud storage security
  • Security concerns around updates, upgrades and vulnerabilities

Being Flexible & Compatible

Since, IoT applications undergo a constant change and because it is continuously evolving, one must ensure that the devices that are developed in line with this technology is compatible and supports any future enhancements. Furthermore, while the application is being implemented, because the application itself is fluid and it needs the device also to demonstrate some sort of flexibility.Having a dedicated device will help in achieving optimized performance, but it makes the hardware rigid and any future update or upgrades won’t work because of lack of flexibility. There are vendors who provide extended APIs and SDKs to ensure development professionals can add more functionalities and features.Typically, a consumer should not be made to install a new application just because the user has bought a new gadget for their home.

Collection & Processing of Data

Along with security measures, service providers must also work on how the data will be collected and processed further. One way to approach this situation is to evaluate the quantum of data that will define some control on cloud data storage and that meets the requirement of the platform.Once the collection is taken care of, then comes processing. IoT data is a gold mine but it can turn into a dust if it just lies in the server and is not getting processed. Hence, it is important for you to find out the right set of tools and the people who can execute this task.There are a plethora of challenges that exist in IoT application development as on date, even though you see its usage world-wide. These challenges need to be addressed otherwise IoT is an endless tunnel and you may just have entered it without a flashlight.  These challenges can be overcome by setting up the right processes and using the right tools in combination with the right skilled people to manage the project

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